From alms to arms
The consequences of favouring warfare over welfare will be felt for generations
By Gordon Preece
February 6 2018Australia’s peaceful summer holidays were recently disturbed by a government bombshell — we plan to join the global arms race. The amorally framed announcement was justified purely financially. We aim to become a top ten global arms producer and dealer.
In 2018 Australia will export around $2 billion worth of high-tech defence armaments, compared to the UK’s $10 billion. A new financing facility of $3.8 billion will help our defence companies increase exports. Defence Industry Minister Christopher Pyne crowed that we will only sell to countries with impeccable human rights records. However this is clearly contradicted by our openness to sell in volatile areas like the Middle East and Asia. Who in the Middle East has a good human rights record? And how do we justify adding our arms to an area undergoing the near total destruction of Syria, and now the humanitarian crisis of Yemen, at the hands of our Saudi “allies”.
Sticking for the moment to the financial rationale, this seems like a Liberal Party adoption of what it often critiques as the Labor approach of “picking winners”. Perhaps that’s why Labor was quick, in the interests of bipartisan barbarianism, to support the move. Yes, this might be a financial winner in the short term — war is a massive growth industry. But it will be no winner in any other way, humanitarian, ecological, security-wise, in the long term.
Add the fact that this multi-million dollar loan-scheme merely complements the $200 billion defence budget over the next decade, it is little wonder that aid and development agencies, many of them Christian, reacted critically to the announcement. The government is transferring money from alms to arms, from human welfare to warfare, from soft power and diplomacy to brittle, easily broken hard power. Weapons proliferation inevitably causes greater instability, death and destruction. Modern weapons rarely sit idle as if in hunters’ trophy cabinets.
Even on a narrow view of security, this mercenary move is unjustifiable as weapons are notorious for ending up in the hands of one’s enemies. Lack of transparency and partial exemption from Freedom of Information legislation and a paucity of ecological and social risk evaluations compounds the problem. Plus contract approval is dangerously at the sole discretion of the Trade Minister, as increasingly so in Immigration and Border Control.
This ill-advised decision reinforces our “Fortress Australia” mentality and the increasing militarisation of Australian politics, policing and corrections, immigration and refugee policies. A wider, wiser view of security focuses on good relations with neighbours, along with prevention measures concerning our primary security problem, climate change, as recognised even by the Pentagon.
Further, global arms controls are critical. Compare the noise the government has made about this arms announcement with the almost complete and indecent silence with which it greeted the announcement that the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize had gone to the Australian-founded organisation International Campaign against Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)? Why is it that 122 nations joined last year’s Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty, but not Australia? Surely the government has its priorities upside down. It risks making Australia a global pariah, not an exemplary global citizen.
Former US General and President Dwight Eisenhower spoke memorably of “the military industrial complex”. But as a military man he knew too that “Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, … cold and not clothed”. To reverse the biblical imagery, we are turning ploughshares into swords. Australia is currently giving its lowest percentage of GDP to foreign aid since World War II.
According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, the reported value of the global arms trade is approaching US$100 billion annually, with the true figure probably higher. And this is merely its direct, official costs. The costs of developing nations being deeply indebted, lives lost, and environments destroyed, are unquantifiable. The opportunity costs of what this money could do, targeted not at killing people, but at healing and enabling their and creation’s flourishing, is mind-blowing.
With Dr Bruce Duncan of Social Policy Connections, we recognise that “Australia’s government has a responsibility and duty to procure adequate defence, especially when technological advances result in extraordinary new weapons systems…[that are] highly automated, with artificial intelligence capabilities”, without direct human control. But “how do we avoid being caught up in a race to stay ahead with the latest and most sophisticated weapons?” Australia is blindly rushing into an arms race in which there are no winners and the costs are catastrophic.
The Revd Dr Gordon Preece is chair of the Diocese of Melbourne’s Social Responsibilities Committee (SRC); minister at Yarraville Anglican Parish; Director of the Centre for Research in Religion and Social Policy, University of Divinity and Director of www.ethos.org.au. Anglicans are gathering outside St Paul's Cathedral on Palm Sunday, 25 March, at 1.30pm for the Palm Sunday rally.